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Mastery Japanese

A Place On The Internet Where We Learn You The Japanese Language
Post Total: 25 Latest posts

Okay guys a quick message here.

I still see a lot of beginners of the Japanese language using >>> Romaji <<<

Let it be clear, Romaji is >>> cheating <<<.

Do you also use the Roman alphabet when you try to learn Russian?

Stop being lazy and go learn Hiragana and Katakana starting TODAY.

Have a nice day :D

Last week the ‘Mastery Japanese’ Tumblr page reached more than 150 followers.

Thanks to all the people who started following my blog!

Although I haven’t posted for more than 5 weeks, soon I will start a 'Total Beginner Course Japanese’ for free on this Tumblr page.

So stay tuned!

Here will follow some useful sentences in case you are looking for love in the land of the rising sun:

Where do you live?
どこに住んでるの【どこにすんでるの】

Where are you from?
どこから来たの【どこからきたの】

Where is your hometown?
地元どこ?【じもとどこ】

How old are you?
何歳ですか【なんさいですか】

Do you have any siblings?
兄弟がいるの【きょうだいがいるの】

Are you a student?
学生ですか【がくせいですか】

Do I have met you before?
前に会ったことない?【まえにあったことない?】

What’s your job?
仕事何しての【しごとなにしての】

I will teach you English
僕・あたしが英語教えてあげる 【ぼく・あたしがえいごおしえてあげる】

Ask me some questions
何か聞いて【なにかきいて】

When you talk to your friends or family, you use the ‘short form’ when using verbs.

When talking to your boss, colleagues, elderly or people you don’t know, you use the ‘long form’ when using verbs.

Negative ‘long verbs’ end with ません and negative ‘short verbs’ end with ない

‘long verb’: I will not go home
私 は うち に 行きません

‘short verb’: I will not go home
私 は うち に 行かない

To form a ‘short present tense negative verb’ in case of 五段 【ごだん】 verbs, you first take the dictionary form of the verb.

In case of ‘go’ this is 行く.

Every dictionary verb ends with a syllable which you can find in the 3th column of the hiragana chart (see below).

Now you replace this syllable with the syllable which you can find in the first column of the same row.

1|2|3|4|5
あ|い|う|え|お
|き||け|こ
さ|し|す|せ|そ
た|ち|つ|て|と
な|に|ぬ|ね|の
は|ひ|ふ|へ|ほ
ま|み|む|め|も
や| |ゆ| |よ
ら|り|る|れ|ろ
わ| | | |を
ん| | | |

Let’s use 3 more examples:
待つ ➔ つ third column ➔ た first column ➔ 待た
飲む ➔ む third column ➔ ま first column ➔ 飲ま
乗る ➔ る third column ➔ ら first column ➔ 乗ら

ない at the end.

待た+ない ➔ 待たない
飲ま+ない ➔ 飲まない
乗ら+ない ➔ 乗らない

5 more examples to see whether you have understood:
撮る ➔ る third column ➔ ら first column ➔ 撮ら+ない
書く ➔ く third column ➔ か first column ➔ 書か+ない
泳ぐ ➔ ぐ third column ➔ が first column ➔ 泳が+ない
消す ➔ す third column ➔ さ first column ➔ 消さ+ない
死ぬ ➔ ぬ third column ➔ な first column ➔ 死な+ない

There is an important exception: verbs ending with う.
When we select the う in the hiragana chart, we do not replace the う with the あ which you can find in the first column, but with わ.

In case of 一段 【いちだん】 verbs it’s way easier to for the ‘short present tense negative’ verb.

食べる ➔ drop last syllable る ➔ add ない ➔ 食べ+ない
教える ➔ drop last syllable る ➔ add ない ➔ 教え+ない
開ける ➔ drop last syllable る ➔ add ない ➔ 開け+ない
借りる ➔ drop last syllable る ➔ add ない ➔ 借り+ない
忘れる ➔ drop last syllable る ➔ add ない ➔ 忘れ+ない

“Are you able to …” or “Can you …” in Japanese is:

出来る 【できる】


Important to mention is that normally only the “Hiragana” version is used and not “the Kanji/Hiragana”version.

できる comes from する which means “to do” while できる means “can do”.

できる is the “Potential Verb” of する.


Now how to say “I can do X [Verb]” in Japanese:

Present Tense Short Verb + こと + が + できる


By adding こと to a verb, it turns the verb into a noun. ➜

食べること

The “particle” between the “noun” and the “potential verb” is always が


Examples
I can swim / I am able to swim
私 は 泳ぐ こと が できます

I cannot drive a car
私 は 車 を 運転する こと が できません

Can he play soccer?
彼 は サッカーをする こと が できます か

I cannot speak Japanese
私 は 日本語 を 話す こと が できない

Tonight I can drink alcohol because I don’t have to drive
今夜、私 は お酒 を 飲む こと が できる、車 を 運転していない から 

食べる 【たべる】 - To eat
私 【わたし】 - I
泳ぐ 【およぐ】 - To swim
車 【くるま】 - Car
運転する 【うんてんする】 - To drive
彼 【かれ】 - He
サッカーする - To play soccer
日本語 【にほんご】 - Japanese
話す 【はなす】 - To speak
今夜 【こんや】 - At night
お酒 【おさけ】 - Alcohol
飲む 【のむ】 - To drink

In Japanese there are two ways to say there is something or somebody.

something ➜ ある
someone ➜ いる

Actually both mean exists. The only difference is ある is used for not living objects / things, and いる is used for living creatures like humans and animals.

There is a person over there ➜ が いる
There is a school over there ➜ が ある 

Keep in mind when we use ある and いる we use に as location particle instead of で, and we use が in front of ある・いる

Location に non living object/thing が あります
Location に living creatureが いります

Examples
I don’t have a TV
私 は テレビ が ありません

I do have time
時間 が あります

There is a dog over there
あそこ に 犬 が います

There are no Japanese classes tomorrow
明日 は 日本語 の クラス が ありません

There are a lot of people in China
中国 に たくさん 人 が います

私 【わたし】 - I
テレビ - Television
時間 【じかん】 - Time
犬 【いぬ】 - Dog
明日 【あした】 - Tomorrow
日本語 【にほんご】 - Japanese
クラス - Class
中国 【ちゅうごく】 - China
人 【ひと】 - People

“Not much”, “Not very”, “Not often” or “Not really” in Japanese is:

あまり

Sometimes it’s pronounced as: あんまり

あまり is always followed by a “negative verb” or a “negative adjective”.

Examples:
I did noteatmuch.
私 は あまり 食べませんでした

I do notgooften to the Onsen.
私 は あまり 温泉 に 行きません

Today was not verygood.
今日 は あまり よくなかった です。

あまり also means “not really”.

Not reallydifficult.
あまり 難しくない です。

There were not many people at the bar yesterday.
昨日、バー は あまり 人 が いない

私 【わたし】 - I
温泉 【おんぜん】 - Onsen (Japanese bath)
今日 【きょう】 - Today
難しくない 【むずかしくない】 - Difficult
昨日 【きのう】 - Yesterday
バー - Bar
人 【ひと】 - People

Today we are going to talk about “giving advice”:

English:
It’s better to [verb]

Japanese:
[verb past short form] + ほうがいいです


English:
It’s better not to [verb]

Japanese:
[verb present negative short form] + ほうがいいです


Examples:
You better take some medicines.
薬 を 飲んだ ほう が いい です

You better sleep early.
早く 寝た ほう が いい です

Because your hair is long, you better go to the barber.
髪 が 長い です から 床屋 に 行った ほう が いい です

It’s cold today, therefore you better not go to the sea.
今日 寒い です から 海 に 行かない ほう が いい です

When living in Japan, You better not use English.
日本 に 住んでいる 時 に、英語 を 使わない ほう が いい です


薬 【くすり】 - Medicine
飲んだ 【のんだ】 - Drunk
早く 【はやく】 - Early
寝た 【ねた】 - Slept
髪 【かみ】 - Hair
長い 【ながい】 - Long
床屋 【とこや】 - Barber
行った 【いった】 - Went
今日 【きょう】 - Today
寒い 【さむい】 - Cold
海 【うみ】 - Sea
行かない 【いかない】 - Not go
日本 【にほん】 - Japan
住んでいる 【すんでいる】 - Living
時に 【時に】 - At the time
英語 【えいご】 - English
使わない 【つかわない】 - Not use

How to say in Japanese that you are planning to do or intend to do things?


Example sentences:

I am planning to go to Japan next year.

I do not intend to play soccer this weekend.

We intended to visit Hakone, but we didn’t, because the weather was not good.


Planning or intend to do in Japanese is:

[verb short form] + つもりです


Was planning or was intend to do in Japanese is:

[verb short form] + つもりでした


Not planning or not intend to do in Japanese is:

[verb short form negative] + つもりです


Was not planning or was not intend to do in Japanese is:

[verb short form negative] + つもりでした


Translation:

私 は 来年 日本 に 行く つもり です

私 は 今週 の 週末 サッカー を しない つもり です

私たち は 箱根 に 行く つもり でした が、天気 が 良くなかった から、行けませんでした。

私たち 【わたしたち】 - We
来年 【らいねん】 - Next year
日本 【にほん】 - Japan
行く 【いく】 - To go
今週 【こんしゅう】 - This week
週末 【しゅうまつ】 - Weekend
サッカー - Soccer
しない - Do not
箱根 【はこね】 - Hakone
良くなかった 【よくなかった】 - Was not good

Inlesson 12 we showed you how to use the ‘quote mark’ in the Japanese language. In this ‘Tumblr Post’ we will show you some more example sentences using this ‘quote mark’.

I think that next week Tokyo’s weather will be good.
私 は 来週 東京 の 天気 いい と 思います。 

I heard that Mr. Tanaka is a doctor.
田中さん は 医者 だ と 聞きました。

Yumi said that she has to work today.
祐美さん は 今日 仕事 を する と 言っていました。

I heard that Mariko loves sushi.
真理子さん は 寿司 が 大好き だ と 聞いた。

I think that he is a good student.
私 は 彼 が いい 学生 だ と 思う。

The teacher says that China is a big country.
先生 は 中国 が 大きい 国 だ と 言う。


私 【わたし】 - I
来週 【らいしゅう】 - Next week
東京 【とうきょう】 - Tokyo
天気 【てんき】 - Weather
思います 【おもいます】 - Think
田中 【たなか】 - Tanaka
医者 【いしゃ】 - Docter
聞きました 【ききました】 - Heard
祐美 【ゆみ】 - Yumi
今日 【きょう】 - Today
仕事 【しごと】 - Work
言っていました 【いっていました】 - Said
真理子 【まりこ】 - Mariko
寿司 【すし】 - Sushi
大好き 【だいすき】 - Love
聞いた 【きいた】 - Heard
彼 【かれ】 - He
学生 【がくせい】 - Student
思う 【おもう】 - Think
先生 【せんせい】 - Teacher
中国 【ちゅうごく】 - China
大きい 【おおきい】 - Big
国 【くに】 - Country
言う 【いう】 - Say

I think that “Marc will go to Japan next year.

Marc said that “he will go to Japan next year.

I heard that “Marc goes to Japan next year.


The part of the sentences above in between the “ ” is the quote.

In Japanese, quotes are indicated with the following symbols: 「」

How will this sentence structure look in Japanese? We will use the examples from above:

私 は マークさん来年日本に行く」  と 思います。
マークさん は来年日本に行く」  と 言いました。
私 は マークさん来年日本に行く」  と 聞きました。

私 【わたし】 - I
マーク - Marc
来年 【らいねん】 - Next Year
日本 【にほん】 - Japan
行く 【いく】 - to go
思います 【おもいます】 - think
言いました 【いいました】 - said
聞きました 【ききました】 - heard


When we look to the Japanese version of our English sentences above, everything in front of the particle and everything behind the topic is the quote of the sentence.

Important to remember is that the quote is always indicated in the ‘short form’.

In lesson 10 we learned how to say 6 o'clock or how to say 6:30 AM in Japanese.

But how do we say 6:15?

The Kanji character for counting minutes is 分【ぷん or ふん】

To make it a little bit complicated, we both use ぷん and ふん when talking about minutes.

one minute ➜ 一分 ➜ いっぷん ➜ ippun
two minutes ➜ 二分 ➜ にふん ➜ nifun
three minutes ➜ 三分 ➜ さんぷん ➜ sannpun
four minutes ➜ 四分 ➜ よふん ➜ yofun
five minutes ➜ 五分 ➜ ごふん ➜ gofun
six minutes ➜ 六分 ➜ ろっぷん ➜ roppun
seven minutes ➜ 七分 ➜ ななふん ➜ nanafun
eight minutes ➜ 八分 ➜ はっぷん ➜ happun
nine minutes ➜ 九分 ➜ きゅうふん ➜ kyuufun
ten minutes ➜ 十分 ➜ じゅっぷん ➜ juupun

at 6:15 ➜ 六時十五分に 【ろく・じ・じゅう・ご・ふん・に】

How to say: I played videogames for 6 hours? ➜
私 は 六時 ゲーム を しました。 ➜
わたし は ろくじかん ゲーム を しました。

The Kanji for ‘span’ is 間【かん】, and 時【じ】 means 'time’.
Combined 時間【じかん】 the meaning is 'time span’ = hours.

The same character is used when we talk about weeks.

The Kanji character for 'week’ is 週【しゅう】, combined with 間【かん】 it becomes 'weeks’.

I lived in Tokyo for four weeks. ➜
私 は 四週間 東京 に 住んでいました。
わたし は よんしゅうかん とうきょう に すんで いました。

You probably already know how to count from 1 to 10 in Japanese, in case not:

  1. 一【いち】 ➜ one
  2. 二【に】  ➜ two
  3. 三【さん】 ➜ three
  4. 四【よん】 ➜ four
  5. 五【ご】  ➜ five
  6. 六【ろく】 ➜ six
  7. 七【なな】 ➜ seven
  8. 八【はち】 ➜ eight
  9. 九【きゅう】➜ nine
  10. 十【じゅう】➜ ten

The Kanji character for time is: 時【じ】.

By adding this character to the Japanese numbers as described as above we get:

one o'clock ➜ 一時
three o'clock ➜ 三時

There are three exceptions:

four o'clock is よじ and not よんじ
seven o'clock is しちじ and not ななじ
nine o'clock is くじ and not きゅうじ

  1. 一時【いちじ】 ➜ one o'clock
  2. 二時【にじ】  ➜ two o'clock
  3. 三時【さんじ】 ➜ three o'clock
  4. 四時【よじ】  ➜ four o'clock
  5. 五時【ごじ】  ➜ five o'clock
  6. 六時【ろくじ】 ➜ six o'clock
  7. 七時【しちじ】 ➜ seven o'clock
  8. 八時【はちじ】 ➜ eight o'clock
  9. 九時【くじ】  ➜ nine o'clock
  10. 十時【じゅうじ】➜ ten o'clock

When we want to emphasize ‘at’ what time, we use the に particle.

The に particle has many functions but in this case it’s the ’ time particle’.

十二時に ➜ at 12 o'clock.

The Kanji character for half is 半【はん】

If we want to express 'at 6:30’ we add 半 at the end of 時に ➜

六時に半 ➜ at 6:30.

The Japanese language makes use of AM and PM ➜

AM ➜ 午前【ごぜん】
PM ➜ 午後【ごご】

午 means noon, 前 means before ➜ 午前 means 'beforenoon’
午 means noon, 後 means after ➜ 午後 means 'afternoon’

午後四時に半 ➜ 4:30 PM

‘Verb Stems’ are an important part of the Japanese Language and in this lesson we are going to learn you how to form them.

As we have learned you before, we have three types of verbs in the Japanese language:

  • Ichidan Verbs 【一段・いちだん】
  • Godan Verbs 【五段・ごだん】
  • Irrigular Verbs 【不規則動詞・ふきそくどうし】

For all three verb types, you first form the ます form.

For Example:
Ichidan Verb ➜ 食べる 【たべる】 ➜ 食べます
Godan Verb ➜ 飲む 【のむ】 ➜ 飲みます
Irrigular Verb ➜ する ➜ します

Now to form the 'Verb Stem’, you just drop the ます at the end ➜

Ichidan Verb ➜ 食べます ➜ 食べ
Godan Verb ➜ 飲みます ➜ 飲む
Irrigular Verb ➜ します ➜ し

The Japanese verb 過ぎる 【すぎる】 has a lot of meanings and one of them is “to exceed”.

When you eat, you can exceed what your stomach can handle. In case you exceed, you have eaten too much.

When you watch TV, you can exceed the energy levels of your eyes and then they will feel tired. In case you exceed, you have watched too much tv.

When you go shopping, you might found out later you exceeded your shopping budget. In case you exceed, you have bought too much.

So how does Eat too much, Watch too much and Buy too much will look in Japanese?:


[ verb-stem + すぎる ]

Be aware we only use the Hirgana Form of the すぎる verb!


Eat too much ➜
食べ+すぎる ➜ 食べすぎます

Watch too much ➜
見+すぎる ➜ 見すぎます

Buy too much ➜
買い+すぎる ➜ 買いすぎます


すぎる conjugates as a normal verb:

I have eaten too much ➜
私は食べすぎました

I have watched too much TV ➜
私はテレビを見すぎた

I did not bought too much shoes ➜
私は靴を買いすぎなかった

Lesson 7: Purpose of Movement

Go to Eat

Go ➜ [Movement (verb)]

to Eat ➜ [Purpose of Movement(verb)]


Come to Buy

Come ➜ [Movement (verb)]

to Buy ➜ [Purpose of Movement (verb)]


Return to see

Return ➜ [Movement (verb)]

to See ➜ [Purpose of Movement (verb)]



How does this grammar structure looks in Japanese? :


[Purpose of Movement (verb-stem)][Movement (verb)]


The に particle is called the ‘Purpose of Movement Particle’. The Purpose of Movement Verb will be in the Verb-stem form:


食べる 【たべる】 ➜ to eat ➜ 食べ 【食べ】

飼う 【かう】 ➜ to buy ➜ 買い 【かい】

見る 【みる】 ➜ to see ➜ 見 【み】



(In case you don’t know how to form the verb-stem: Google is your friend).


Our English examples from above in Japanese will look like this:


Go to eat ➜ 食べに行きます

Come to buy ➜ 買いに来ます

Return to see ➜ 見に帰ります


Now we will add an ‘object’ to the Purpose of Movement to make it more clear what the purpose of movement is:


Go to eat fish ➜ 魚を食べに行きます

Come to buy an umbrella ➜ 傘を買いに来ます

Return to see a movie ➜ 映画を見に帰ります


It’s still unknown to what destination the movement will take place:


Destination に


In this case the に particle is the destination of movement particle.


Go to the restaurant to eat fish

レストランに魚を食べに行きます ➜ レストランにさかなをたべにいきます


Come to the shop to buy an umbrella

店に傘を買いに来ま ➜ みせにかさをかいにきます


Return home to see a movie

家に映画を見に帰りま ➜ いえにえいがをみにかえります


We are still missing the topic, so let’s add it:


I go to the restaurant to eat fish

私はレストランに魚を食べに行きます ➜

わたしはレストランにさかなをたべにいきます


He comes to the shop to buy an umbrella

彼は店に傘を買いに来ます ➜ かれはみせにかさをかいにきます


She returns home to see a movie

彼女は家に映画を見に帰ります ➜ かのじょは いえにえいがをみにかえります

travellingtojapan:

escapetoluna:

General Plan:

Weeks 1 and 2:
Purpose:

  1. Learn the fundamentals sentence construction
  2. Learn how to spell and count
  3. Start building a phrase stockpile with basic greetings
  • The Alphabet
  • Numbers 1 - 100
  • Subject Pronouns
  • Common Greetings
  • Conjugate the Two Most Important Verbs: to be and to have
  • Basic Definite and Indefinite Articles

Weeks 3 and 4:
Purpose:

  1. Learn essential vocabulary for the day-to-day
  2. Start conjugating regular verbs
  • Days of the Week and Months of the Year
  • How to tell the time
  • How to talk about the weather
  • Family Vocabulary
  • Present Tense Conjugations Verbs

Weeks 5 and 6:
Purpose:

  1. Warm up with the last of the day-to-day vocabulary
  2. Add more complex types of sentences to your grammar
  • Colours
  • House vocabulary
  • How to ask questions
  • Present Tense Conjugations Verbs
  • Forming negatives

Weeks 7 and 8:
Purpose:

  1. Learn how to navigate basic situations in a region of your target language country
  2. Finish memorising regular conjugation rules
  • Food Vocabulary and Ordering at Restaurants
  • Money and Shopping Phrases
  • Present Tense Conjugations Verbs

Weeks 9 and 10:
Purpose:

  1. Start constructing descriptive and more complex sentences
  • Adjectives
  • Reflective verbs
  • Places vocabulary

Weeks 11 and 12:
Purpose:

  1. Add more complex descriptions to your sentences with adverbs
  2. Wrap up vocabulary essentials
  • Adverbs
  • Parts of the body and medical vocabulary

Tips for Learning a Foreign Language:

Learning Vocabulary:

What vocabulary should I be learning?

  • There are hundreds of thousands of words in every language, and the large majority of them won’t be immediately relevant to you when you’re starting out.Typically, the most frequent 3000 words make up 90% of the language that a native speaker uses on any given day. Instead try to learn the most useful words in a language, and then expand outwards from there according to your needs and interests.
  1. Choose the words you want/need to learn.
  2. Relate them to what you already know.
  3. Review them until they’ve reached your long-term memory.
  4. Record them so learning is never lost.
  5. Use them in meaningful human conversation and communication.

How should I record the vocabulary?

  • Learners need to see and/or hear a new word of phrase 6 to 17 times before they really know a piece of vocabulary.
  • Keep a careful record of new vocabulary.
  • Record the vocabulary in a way that is helpful to you and will ensure that you will practice the vocabulary, e.g. flashcards.
  • Vocabulary should be organised so that words are easier to find, e.g. alphabetically or according to topic.
  • Ideally when noting vocabulary you should write down not only the meaning, but the grammatical class, and example in a sentence, and where needed information about structure.

How should I practice using the vocabulary?

  • Look, Say, Cover, Write and Check - Use this method for learning and remembering vocabulary. This method is really good for learning spellings.
  • Make flashcards. Write the vocabulary on the front with the definition and examples on the back.
  • Draw mind maps or make visual representations of the new vocabulary groups.
  • Stick labels or post it notes on corresponding objects, e.g when learning kitchen vocabulary you could label items in your house.

How often should I be practising vocabulary?

  • A valuable technique is ‘the principle of expanding rehearsal’. This means reviewing vocabulary shortly after first learning them then at increasingly longer intervals.
  • Ideally, words should be reviewed:
  • 5-10 minutes later
  • 24 hours later
  • One week later
  • 1-2 months later
  • 6 months later

Knowing a vocabulary item well enough to use it productively means knowing:

  • Its written and spoken forms (spelling and pronunciation).
  • Its grammatical category and other grammatical information
  • Related words and word families, e.g. adjective, adverb, verb, noun.
  • Common collocations (Words that often come before or after it).

Receptive Skills: Listening and Reading

  • Reading is probably one of the most effective ways of building vocabulary knowledge.
  • Listening is also important because it occupies a big chunk of the time we spend communicating.

Tips for reading in a foreign language:

  • Start basic and small.  Children’s books are great practice for beginners. Don’t try to dive into a novel or newspaper too early, since it can be discouraging and time consuming if you have to look up every other word.
  • Read things you’ve already read in your native language. The fact that you at least know the gist of the story will help you to pick up context clues, learn new vocabulary and grammatical constructions.
  • Read books with their accompanying audio books. Reading a book while listening to the accompanying audio will improve your “ear training”. It will also help you to learn the pronunciation of words.

Tips for listening in a foreign language:

  • Watch films in your target language.
  • Read a book while also listening along to the audio book version.
  • Listen to the radio in your target language.
  • Watch videos online in your target language.

Activities to do to show that you’ve understood what you’ve been listening to:

  • Try drawing a picture of what was said.
  • Ask yourself some questions about it and try to answer them.
  • Provide a summary of what was said.
  • Suggest what might come next in the “story.”
  • Translate what was said into another language.
  • “Talk back” to the speaker to engage in imaginary conversation.

Productive Skills: Speaking and Writing

Tips for speaking in a foreign language:

  • If you can, try to speak the language every day either out loud to yourself or chat to another native speaker whether it is a colleague, a friend, a tutor or a language exchange partner. 
  • Write a list of topics and think about what you could say about each one. First you could write out your thoughts and then read them out loud. Look up the words you don’t know. You could also come up with questions at the end to ask someone else.
  • A really good way to improve your own speaking is to listen to how native speakers talk and imitate their accent, their rhythm of speech and tone of voice. Watch how their lips move and pay attention to the stressed sounds. You could watch interviews on YouTube or online news websites and pause every so often to copy what you have just heard. You could even sing along to songs sung in the target language.
  • Walk around the house and describe what you say. Say what you like or dislike about the room or the furniture or the decor. Talk about what you want to change.This gets you to practise every day vocabulary.

Tips for writing in a foreign language:

  • Practice writing in your target language. Keep it simple to start with. Beginner vocabulary and grammar concepts are generally very descriptive and concrete.
  • Practice writing by hand. Here are some things you can write out by hand:
  • Diary entries
  • Shopping lists
  • Reminders

What could I write about?

  • Write about your day, an interesting event, how you’re feeling, or what you’re thinking.
  • Make up a conversation between two people. 
  • Write a letter to a friend, yourself, or a celebrity. You don’t need to send it; just writing it will be helpful.
  • Translate a text you’ve written in your native language into your foreign language.
  • Write a review or a book you’ve recently read or a film you’ve recently watched.
  • Write Facebook statuses, Tweets or Tumblr posts (whether you post them or not will be up to you).
  • Write a short story or poem.

Writing is one of the hardest things to do well as a non-native speaker of a language, because there’s no room to hide. 

There are lots of ways to improve your writing ability, but they can be essentially boiled down to three key components:

  • Read a lot
  • Write a lot
  • Get your writing corrected

Wow this such an amazingly comprehensive list, thanks!

travellingtojapan:yodaprod:Shinjuku (1981)新宿 (1981年)I love seeing older photos like this!

travellingtojapan:

yodaprod:

Shinjuku (1981)

新宿 (1981年)

I love seeing older photos like this!


Post link
image

I studied Japanese at a language school in Tokyo in 2019. This picture was taken West side of Ikebukuro station during a raining evening in October 2019.

Questions:
  1. Kyoko’s younger sister is a high school student.


  2. Kyoko’s mother works for a small company.


  3. Kyoko’s father comes home late every day.


  4. I am studying Japanese and literature.


  5. Ms. Minami speaks English a little.

Answers:

  1. 京子さんの妹は高校生です


  2. 京子さんはお母さんは小さい会社に勤めています


  3. 京子さんのお父さんは毎日家に遅く帰りました


  4. 私は日本語と文法を勉強しています


  5. 南さんはちょっと英語を話します